Types and Treatment of Malocclusion

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Braces and other orthodontic treatments are used to treat malocclusion, which means having crooked teeth or a “poor bite.” In a proper bite, the upper teeth sit slightly in front of the lower teeth. Malocclusion is sometimes a cosmetic problem, but crooked teeth are also hard to care for properly. This can lead to oral health issues.

The most common types of malocclusion are:

Upper protrusion – The upper front teeth are pushed forward. This can be caused by a small lower jaw or by thumb-sucking, which may cause the roof of the mouth to change shape. Upper protrusion is sometimes referred to as buck teeth.

Spacing or crowding issues – If an individual has too much or too little room in the mouth, spacing or crowding problems can be caused. Crowding can keep the permanent teeth from coming in properly or at all.

Open bite – The upper and lower front teeth do not overlap as they should, thus creating an opening straight into the mouth. An open bite can also be present on the side(s) of the mouth.

Overbite – If an individual has an excessive overbite, the upper front teeth go too far down over the lower front teeth. In extreme cases, the lower teeth bite into the roof of the mouth.

Underbite – The front lower teeth are farther forward than the upper teeth.

Cross bite – A cross bite is present when some or all of the upper teeth sit on the wrong side of the lower teeth.

Rotation – A tooth is turned.

To learn more about malocclusion in Queensbury, New York, and to schedule your next appointment with our orthodontists, Drs. Alexander, Bartlett, and Misner, we welcome you to contact our office at 518-793-8511 today.